This BBC article gives the low down on what will be a historic event.
The Republic of South Sudan will become the 193rd member of the United Nations and the newest member since Montenegro officially ceded from Serbia in 2006.
As the BBC article states, South Sudan has many challenges ahead:
- It's one of the world's least developed countries with the worst maternal mortality rate, most children below 13 are not in school and 84% of its female population are illiterate.
- It's relations with Sudan are contentious - Dividing debts and oil; border disputes and citizenship are areas of friction.
- Security is a concern as there are at least seven active rebel groups.
Welcome to a brave new World, South Sudan.